The United States has competed at every edition of the Olympic Winter Games, and has hosted the Games on a record four occasions. The United States collected its greatest gold medal haul at the 2002 Salt Lake City Games, winning 10 gold. Four years ago in Vancouver the US team finished with its biggestoverall medal haul in winter Olympic history, with a total of 37 medals, including nine gold.
Speed skater Eric Heiden completed an incredible sweep at the 1980 Lake Placid Games when he won all five events from 500m to 10,000m, breaking the Olympic record on each occasion and becoming the first person to win five individual gold medals at the same Olympic Winter Games. Heiden later took up cycling and competed in the 1986 Tour de France.
Salt Lake skeleton gold medallist, Jim Shea, had Olympic blood in his veins. His grandfather John Shea won 500m and 1500m speed skating gold medals at the 1932 Lake Placid Games after reading out the Athlete's Oath at the opening ceremony, and his father James competed in Nordic combined and cross-country skiing at Innsbruck in 1964.
Female speed skater Bonnie Blair won five gold medals in her Olympic career - three consecutive 500m golds at the 1988, 1992 and 1994 Games and 1000m victories at both Albertville and Lillehammer.
Billy Fiske was age 16 when he piloted the United States to gold in the five-man bobsleigh event in St Moritz in 1928 - the only time teams consisted of five. At the following winter Games in Lake Placid he won gold again, this time in a four-man crew.
Versatile athlete Eddie Eagan is the only person to win summer and winter Olympic gold medals in different sports. At the 1920 Antwerp Games he won a light heavyweight boxing title before claiming a second Olympic gold in Billy Fiske's bobsleigh team at the 1932 Lake Placid Games.
Short track speed skater Apolo Anton Ohno won a total of eight medals, the most by a US athlete at the Olympic Winter Games. His haul includes two gold medals, coming in the 1500m in Salt Lake City and the 500m in Turin.
Title: The Star Spangled Banner
Creators: Words by Francis Scott Key, music by John Stafford Smith.
Founding date: 1894
IOC recognition date: 1894
NOC president's name: Lawrence F. Probst III
NOC general secretary’s name: Scott Blackmun
IOC member’s name: Angela Ruggiero [entry in the IOC: 2010], Anita DeFrantz [entry in the IOC: 1986], James L. Easton [entry in the IOC: 1994], Lawrence F. Probst III [entry in the IOC: 2013]
Participation in Olympic Games
Year of the first appearance: 1924Medals per sport
Number of appearances: 22 [Sochi included]
Medals per year
-: Medals for the Figure Skating and Ice Hockey events at the 1908 and 1920 Olympic Summer Games have been included in the tables